IS conflict: Manbij residents celebrate liberation

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A woman is shown smoking - one of many interdictions under ISImage copyrightREUTERS
Image captionA woman is shown smoking – one of many interdictions under IS

Residents in the northern Syrian city of Manbij have been celebrating new freedoms after being liberated from the rule of so-called Islamic State.

They have poured into the streets enjoying basic rights they had been denied for two years, including shaving off their beards and smoking.

US-backed Kurdish and Arab fighters fought 73 days to drive IS out of Manbij, close to the Turkish border.

About 2,000 civilians being used as human shields were also freed.

Civilians evacuated from an Islamic State-controlled neighbourhood of Manbij, Syria, 12 AugustImage copyrightREUTERS
Image captionOne happy evacuee could be seen having his beard cut off
This woman decided to burn her niqab to mark the end of IS ruleImage copyrightREUTERS
Image captionThis woman decided to burn her niqab to mark the end of IS rule
A woman after being evacuated from Manbij.Image copyrightREUTERS
Image captionMany Manbij residents shed tears of joy after being liberated

Reuters news agency spoke to a resident of Manbij who described a spot where people were beheaded. “For anything or using the excuse that he did not believe [in God], they put him and cut his head off.

“It is all injustice,” he said.

“I feel joy and [it is like a] dream I am dreaming. I cannot believe it, I cannot believe it. Things I saw no one saw,” a woman said screaming and fainting, according to Reuters.

Another woman thanked the fighters that had set them free: “You are our children, you are our heroes, you are the blood of our hearts, you are our eyes. Go out, Daesh [Arabic name for IS]!”

Manbij woman hugs female SDF fighter (12 August)Image copyrightREUTERS
Image captionA woman from Manbij hugs a female SDF fighter after the city was liberated
SDF fighters celebrate inside Manbij, Syria, 10 AugustImage copyrightREUTERS
Image captionThe male and female soldiers of the SDF had fought for more than two months to take the city

Life under IS

  • Women are forced to cover up; in one case, a woman in Mosul, Iraq, was challenged for not having her hands fully covered
  • The minimum punishment is flogging, which is applied for things like smoking a cigarette. Men caught smoking have had their fingers amputated, while a female dentist who treated men was publicly beheaded, the UN said in a report in 2014
  • Men are not allowed to be clean-shaven
  • Prayer checks are carried out on the streets
  • Men are ordered to attend compulsory Sharia classes if their trousers are too long

Move on Raqqa?

The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) coalition includes the powerful Kurdish YPG militia. They were backed in their campaign against IS by US-led air strikes on IS positions.

The roads through Manbij had become crucial to the group’s ability to move fighters, weapons and supplies in and out of Syria.

Routes to Syria’s embattled second city, Aleppo, and to the IS capital, Raqqa, pass through the town.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which monitors the conflict from the UK, around 500 cars left Manbij carrying IS members and civilians.

They were heading north-east towards Jarablus, a town under IS control on the Turkish border.

The militias said their victory had cut off the IS militants’ route to Europe.

“After the liberation of Manbij, IS members won’t be able to freely travel to and from Europe anymore,” said Syrian Kurdish leader Salih Muslim.

Map of Syria showing location of Manbij and roads to Aleppo, Raqqa and across the Turkish border

US officials have said that after Manbij, the coalition’s intention is to move on Raqqa.

Raqqa, estimated to have a population of between 250,000 and 500,000, has become the de facto capital of the “caliphate” whose creation was proclaimed by IS two years ago after it took control of large swathes of territory in Syria and Iraq.

In addition to the alliance of Kurdish and Arab fighters supported by the US, IS militants are also under pressure from Russian-backed Syrian government forces. Two days ago, Russian air strikes cut off the city’s water supply.

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